Exploring The Idea of Prakriti and Vikriti (Your Ayurvedic Physique Structure)

Prakriti and Vikriti are among the many core ideas of Ayurveda to know a person’s inherent constitutional physique kind and present state of well being, so as to promote stability and wellness via personalised approaches to weight loss program, life-style, and therapy.

In layman’s phrases, Prakruti is the character that we possess by beginning and Vikriti is our present well being situation.

Each Prakriti and Vikriti are depending on the idea of three doshas – Vata, Pitta, and Kapha – that make up the structure of the physique. Every particular person is made up of a mix of 1, two, or extra doshas.

On this article, we now have defined the ideas of Prakriti and Vikriti intimately.

Understanding Prakriti

The phrase Prakruti is made up of the prefix ‘Pra’ which implies “origin”; ‘Kri’ means “to do” and ‘Ti’ means “to accentuate”. Thus, Prakriti is outlined because the entity, which manifests on the time of origin. 

Prakruti stands for the unique physique structure or the inherent mixture of doshas an individual develops on the time of conception.

Prakruti is the character that you’re born with and is exclusive to you. Each particular person’s structure is predetermined at beginning and is influenced by a wide range of traits, together with look, character, habits, and dietary preferences. It determines an individual’s bodily and psychological options and doesn’t alter all through their whole life. 

Based on Ayurveda, this happens as a result of each particular person’s beginning determines their Prakriti via the panch mahabhutas (air, hearth, water, ether, and earth), doshas (vata, pitta, kapha), and trigunas (sattva, rajas, and tamas).

Doshaja Prakriti

On the time of conception, the predominance of anyone or two or all three doshas determines a person’s Prakriti. That is known as Doshaja Prakruti

The doshaja prakriti is additional divided into eka doshaja prakruti, dwandvaja doshaja prakruti and sama doshaja Prakriti.

Eka Doshaja Prakruti – Because the identify signifies, individuals who have one (eka) dosha physique structure are mentioned to have eka doshaja prakruti. These sorts are fairly uncommon. The Vata physique kind is taken into account dangerous or heena, pitta is average or madhyama and kapha is one of the best or uttama

Dwandvaja Doshaja Prakruti – That is the most typical kind of prakruti the place a person possesses a mix of two doshas. Three variations of Dwandvaja Doshaja Prakruti are; 

  • Vata/Pitta (or pitta/vata) – Vata major and Pitta secondary (or Pitta major and Vata secondary).
  • Pitta/Kapha (or kapha/pitta) – Pitta major and Kapha secondary (or Kapha major and Pitta secondary).
  • Kapha/Vata (or vata/kapha) – Kapha major and Vata secondary (or Vata major and Kapha secondary).

Sama Doshaja Prakruti – Counted amongst the rarest prakruti sorts, an individual with sama doshaja prakruti is claimed to have a balanced mixture of all 3 doshas. It’s the highest (sreshta) physique structure kind and is tough to attain as a result of an unhealthy life-style and weight loss program.

Manasika Prakriti

Manasika Prakriti refers back to the psychological or psychological structure of a person and is taken into account to be a mix of the three Gunas (Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas). Thus Manasika Prakruti of a person could possibly be satvik, rajasik, or tamasik.

Understanding Manasika Prakriti will help in selecting the best strategy to selling psychological and emotional well being, similar to via yoga, meditation, or particular dietary and life-style practices.

Understanding the doshaja prakriti will help an Ayurvedic practitioner diagnose an individual’s character, temperament, traits, and well being and accordingly begin therapy. 

Allow us to now take a look at the components that have an effect on the Prakriti.

What components decide the Prakriti of a person?

The formation of Prakriti is linked to totally different components, similar to earlier karmas, the bodily and psychological well being of the mom and father on the time of conception, the mom’s weight loss program and train routine, social milieu, the observe of wholesomeness by the mom (throughout being pregnant) and little one within the postnatal interval, and several other others.

Owing to the above, the next are the first components that decide the Prakriti of a person:

  • Sukra-Shonit Prakruti (circumstances of sperm and ovum)
  • Kala-garbhasaya Prakruti (time of the season of conception and circumstances of the uterus)
  • Matu-ahar Prakruti (weight loss program and life-style habits of mom)
  • Pancha Mahabhuta Vikara Prakriti (affiliation of the 5 primary components)

Different components that additionally affect the Prakriti are:

  • Jatiprasakta (Race/caste/ Occupation)
  • Kulaprasakta (household/ancestry)
  • Desha-anupatini (geo-climatic components)
  • Kala-anupatini (time scale)
  • Vaya-anupatini (age) – determines the dominance of dosha
  • Pratyatmaniyata (individuality)

How you can determine a person’s Prakriti?

A questionnaire is used for Prakriti evaluation, and it asks you many questions on your habits, look, and physiological processes like digestion and excretion in addition to your moods and nature.

It’s a scientific examination that mixes the three examination strategies of scrutiny (darshan), palpation (sparshan), and questioning (prashna). There are three totally different aspects to it: construction of the physique (rachanaanusari), physiological (kriyaanusari), and psychological (manoanusari).

And variations of all these traits collectively make up the Prakriti.

To determine your prakruti, you need to at all times hunt down an skilled Ayurvedic practitioner. Your physique kind could be appropriately decided by an skilled Ayurvedic doctor utilizing the responses to the questions requested through the Prakriti evaluation check.

Furthermore, there are a number of questionnaires, quizzes, or assessments which are accessible on-line which you need to use however with warning. 

Significance of Prakruti in Ayurvedic therapy

The bodily structure, or Deha Prakriti, is mentioned in right this moment’s utilization of the phrase Prakriti. Deha Prakriti is the end result of the varied dosha ratios that every particular person is born with.

With regards to sustaining well being, comprehending illness, and treating it, the Ayurvedic notion of Prakriti is essential. Ayurveda believes that by understanding your Prakriti, you might pinpoint the components that management your well being and happiness and, in consequence, lead a life that’s wholesome, pleased, and fulfilling.

Understanding your Prakriti would possibly assist you to keep your well being by adhering to the fitting meals and routine.

Then again, you start to grasp what can drive your day by day life out of equilibrium and end in illness or sickness.

You won’t be aware of how you can keep stability to push back sickness or how you can understand and finally appropriate your imbalance so as to regain well being and wholeness in the event you don’t acknowledge who you essentially are.

Moreover, the information of your Prakriti also can assist you to within the following methods:

  • Adjusting your life-style to forestall or overcome imbalances of your doshas
  • Making use of preventive well being measures to keep up equilibrium
  • Getting ready your weight loss program as per your dosha to assist enhance nutrient consumption, digestion, absorption, and elimination
  • Be sure to are consuming the fitting meal in the fitting amount and on the proper time
  • Personalizing your sleep patterns
  • Choose the fitting train routine to remain match and wholesome

Understanding Vikriti

A person’s degree of comparable well being or imbalance is known as vikriti in Ayurveda. The Sanskrit phrase vikriti, which interprets as “after creation” is an individual’s organic make-up that may be affected by their atmosphere ranging from the time of conception.

In Ayurveda, the vikriti evaluation is carried out to determine how components of the surface world have affected an individual’s bodily, psychological, or emotional well being. The easiest way to consider vikriti is as if any doshic inclinations are manifesting proper now.

Human embryos are uncovered to and impacted by their atmosphere after fertilization. The embryo develops most successfully in a steady atmosphere. If the environment is stored superb after beginning, the kid grows wholesome.

The three doshas can, nevertheless, develop out of tune and trigger a deviation from Prakriti in an atmosphere and life-style which are lower than superb.

This unbalanced situation would possibly fluctuate from each day, season to season, and even throughout a number of phases of life. It isn’t a relentless. And thus Prakriti results in vikriti.

What components decide the Vikriti of a person?

To make selections to revive our equilibrium, it’s useful to know the traits of every of the doshas. This permits us to acknowledge what has gotten out of stability or what has amassed.

Vikriti or doshic imbalances can happen as a result of a number of components similar to weather conditions, dietary habits, life-style, sleep patterns, frequency of train, stress, and lots of exterior components.

The aggregation of a specific dosha could be felt throughout quite a few seasonal adjustments. We continuously purchase traits of the prevailing dosha all year long due to how intently tied our physiology is to the world round us. Because the seasons change, this accumulation is most noticeable.

For instance, your prakriti is Pitta which comes with good digestion and a steady thoughts. Nonetheless as a result of a seasonal change, your digestive system might flare and you might expertise psychological fog, an indication of Vata vitiation. In such circumstances, although your Prakriti has not modified, the dominance of the vata dosha is figuring out the imbalances precipitated in your physique.

Significance of Vikriti in Ayurvedic therapy

Understanding an individual’s Vikriti after which determining what elements of that particular person’s atmosphere have led to the disruptions is without doubt one of the key targets of Ayurvedic therapy. The time period “atmosphere” right here refers to each the particular person’s life-style and the inputs they get via their 5 senses.

To determine the basis signs of a illness, vikriti evaluation is step one in all Ayurvedic therapies.

One approach to determine the underlying causes for sickness or illness is to correlate the ratio of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha in an individual at any given second with their physiological composition. One can examine it to the particular person’s inherent prakriti and take a look at operational indications like digestion, elimination, or sleeping patterns.

As soon as understood, the objective is to remodel the setting. 

Figuring out an individual’s Prakriti is vital for understanding their elementary tendencies, however understanding their Vikriti is vital for making a therapy technique.

Distinction between Prakriti and Vikriti

Now that we now have understood some primary ideas of Prakriti and Vikriti, we will summarize the distinction between the 2 beneath:

  • Our intrinsic structure is named Prakriti, and the imbalance that develops once we don’t dwell in accordance with that construction is named Vikriti.
  • Prakriti refers back to the mind-body sort or structure. Vikriti interprets to the current state of affairs.
  • Within the Ayurvedic perspective, one’s Prakriti is often considered from the angle of dosha predominance within the physique structure. Then again, the vikriti is seemed into the imbalances or vitiations occurring within the doshas structure inside the Prakriti.
  • Understanding our Prakriti helps us grasp what our elementary nature is. Studying our Vikriti supplies us with the flexibility to take cost of our well being path. 
  • To find out prakriti, components similar to circumstances of sperm and ovum, time of the season of conception and circumstances of the uterus, weight loss program, and life-style habits of the mom, and affiliation of the 5 primary components are seen. Whereas, the components seemed into when figuring out vikriti are – the basis explanation for the dysfunction, vitiating variables, vitiated components, structure, location, time, power, and signs.

How do imbalances in Prakriti and Vikriti manifest?

Doshas play an vital position with regards to imbalances within the physique and thoughts. Despite the fact that most of us are a twin doshas structure (bi-doshic physique kind), the Prakriti is dependent upon the dominant dosha.

So, when your dominant doshas are vitiated it could result in a ton of bodily and psychological sicknesses, ailments, or illnesses. Furthermore, the imbalance may also be precipitated when the second dosha overpowers your dominant dosha. 

For instance, you might have been recognized as having a Vata-Pitta physique kind with vata because the dominant dosha. Which means that you might have a Vata Prakriti. When your Vata is imbalanced, you’ll expertise restlessness, fatigue, poor circulation, bloating, joint ache, and many others. There may be an opportunity that the pitta dosha has change into imbalanced and also you would possibly expertise signs like indigestion, acidity, pimples, pores and skin rashes, anger, irregular sleep, and many others.

Nonetheless, you must also perceive that we might or might not have the ability to hyperlink our imbalances to our organic construction. There are additionally probabilities that you just might need a vata-pitta prakriti with each doshas dominant when in comparison with the kapha prakriti.

In such circumstances, if an individual reveals indicators of sudden weight achieve, it could recommend that they might be experiencing kapha vitiation.

The manifestation of imbalances in Prakriti and Vikriti additionally is dependent upon the present life-style, seasonal adjustments, and the atmosphere you’re dwelling in.

Merely put, the imbalances within the prakrit and vikruti are manifested within the type of bodily and psychological issues because of vitiated doshas.

  • In case your vata is imbalanced, it could result in extreme issues with circulation, broken tissues, crackling joints, improper digestion, constipation, extreme weight reduction, psychological chaos, or insomnia.
  • In case of pitta imbalance, ulcers, extreme sweating, sunburn, acidity, hair fall, vertigo, egoism, a rise of adverse feelings, and many others could also be skilled.
  • Individuals with a kapha imbalance will discover lethargy, weight achieve, lack of urge for food, oily pores and skin and hair, despair, lack of motivation, stubbornness, and many others as signs.

One other level to recollect is that in case your vata will get vitiated, there’s a excessive chance that the opposite doshas would possibly get affected as effectively. It is because Vata is liable for circulation inside the physique and between the organs. So if the circulation is blocked, the organs will be unable to work on the optimum degree.


To sum up, Prakriti is the mixture of doshas that you’re born with and is affected by a number of components together with the circumstances of sperm and ovum through the time of conception, the well being of the mom’s uterus, and the time and season of conception.

Vikriti alternatively is your present state of being, which is dynamic. It adjustments based on the atmosphere of the person and is usually known as the imbalanced state of the doshas.

An ayurvedic practitioner diagnoses your well being situation primarily based in your Prakriti and vikriti via an inventory of questions. This can decide the doshas that must be labored upon to revive the stability.

Studying the above traits of Prakriti and vikriti, it may be understood that the objective of Ayurveda is to amass the information needed to note when a Vikriti imbalance is available in to forestall sickness or illness. Additionally it is useful in creating practices and rituals that may preserve our Prakriti balanced.

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